Of all the diagnoses, clients with schizophrenia tend to be the most stigmatized. Schizophrenia can feel overwhelming to the person experiencing the symptoms. Witnessing or interfacing with an individual with schizophrenia can elicit feelings of fear and anxiety in friends and family of the individual exhibiting symptoms, and even for caretakers and other personnel assigned to manage such individuals. Without mechanisms to harness, manage, or eradicate the symptoms, living with schizophrenia can feel overwhelming and out of control. With the help of our mental health treatment programs, you can begin the road to recovery. To learn more about our schizophrenia treatment center, please contact Silicon Beach Treatment Center today at 866.520.4881.
About the Hallmarks of Clinical SchizophreniaThe hallmarks of schizophrenia are the presence of delusions, hallucinations, and disorganized thinking.
Types of DelusionsThere are six types of delusions that individuals that have schizophrenia may experience, which are as follows:
- Persecutory delusions — This is when the individual believes something is being done purposefully and malignantly to them
- Referential delusions — This is when the individual infers meaning from otherwise random gestures and happenings as referencing the self
- Grandiose delusions — This is when an individual believes that they are exceptional relative to their peers with regards to ability, wealth, or fame when, in actuality, this assertion is false
- Erotomanic delusions — This is when the individual falsely believes other people are in love with, attracted to, or sexually desire them
- Nihilistic delusions — This is when the individual believes everyone will be subject to a catastrophic event
- Somatic delusions — This is when the individual falsely believes they have a physical ailment
Types of HallucinationsThere are several types of hallucinations that may affect those with schizophrenia. These may include auditory hallucinations. This is when the individual believes they have heard a sound as emanated from an external source when in fact, there has been no distinct sound. Usually, these sounds are heard as words spoken in a voice that the individual does not attribute as their own. Religiously inspired auditory hallucinations can be considered within the realm of normal depending on the cultural context as well. You may also experience visual hallucinations. This is when the individual believes they have seen an image of something real that does not, in fact, exist.
Displays of Disorganized ThinkingDisorganized thinking is a term that is wide-ranging and may include:
- Disorganized thinking — The disordered thought process is usually detected by the display of disorganized speaking.
- Derailment or loose association — This is when the individual changes topic of conversation erratically.
- Tangentiality — This is exhibited when individuals answer questions randomly, ineffectively, or switch from one topic to another.
- Incoherence or word salad — This is evident when the individual strings a series of unrelated words together as if in a coherent sentence. This can sound like random words are thrown together, as in a salad comprised of small distinct parts.
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Clinical Schizophrenia Disorder?For an individual to be considered for a diagnosis of clinical schizophrenia disorder, the individual must experience two or more of the following symptoms most of the time during a one-month period, and at least one symptom must be either delusions, hallucinations, or disorganized speech.
- Delusion — The individual believes wholeheartedly that something is happening that is not true.
- Hallucination — The individual experiences a sensory apperception that appears real but is, in fact, not embodied.
- Disorganized speech — Speaking in a manner that is incoherent, nonsensical, illogical, and can appear random
- Catatonia — This condition is the absence of movement or inertia, or its opposite, which is grossly overexaggerated physical motor actions
- Negative symptoms — Negative symptoms may include feelings such as a lack and withdrawal of emotion or appropriate expression of feeling